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"Addiction" most certainly IS in the DSM-IV...it's just called something else...."Substance Dependence."
"Substance Dependence" refers to a "maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress," that is associated with symptoms such as tolerance, withdrawal, taking the substance in larger amounts or for a longer period of time than intended, a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use, interference in social functioning, and so on...
The diagnosis is further specified by the primary substance (or substances) of use, such as alcohol dependence, amphetamine dependence, hallucinogen dependence, polysubstance dependence, etc.
Likewise, gambling addiction is called "pathological gambling" in the DSM-IV and is classified as an impulse control disorder.
Michelle H. Forest, PhD, Licensed Psychologist
posted 4 years, 3 months ago
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